All the questions realize: “System the amount you to definitely better describes how likely their thinking on the homosexuals resembles the newest thinking most of your [ men / lady ] household members has with the homosexuals.” Both questions was indeed answered having fun with good 5-area measure ranging from 0 (Next to nothing) to cuatro (Much). Earlier in the day studies have found these items to echo respondents’ normative attitudes on homosexual somebody (Herek & Capitanio, 1996). These items showed a beneficial Cronbach’s ? away from .70.
I mentioned religiosity using five affairs: (a) significance of spiritual or religious thinking; (b) regularity off church otherwise temple attendance prior to now year; (c) volume so you’re able to situations backed by the its religious category before year; and (d) prayer volume in earlier times times. Significance of spiritual opinions try mentioned having fun with a good 4-part measure between step one (Maybe not important after all) in order to cuatro (Crucial). The thing measuring participants’ attendance so you can a church otherwise forehead when you look at the going back season realize, “How many times maybe you have attended a chapel or forehead regarding early in the day seasons?” Players replied it by opting for among the pursuing the half a dozen kinds: Never, Once or twice a-year, Once or twice a year, Once or twice a month, Regular, and most once a week. Brand new six respond to classes to have chapel attendance was basically as well as employed for attendance in order to sponsored spiritual incidents. Prayer volume are assessed that have six classes: Never, A few times thirty days, A few times 30 days, One or two minutes per week, Once a day, or more than simply daily. Almost every other research has used equivalent tips of religiosity inside their questionnaires and discovered these to be continuously reputable (Herek & Gonzalez-Rivera, from inside the drive). Religiosity facts had an effective Cronbach’s ? away from .80 within our investigation.
Attitudes into the Lesbians and you can Gays
The final area of the questionnaire integrated the new Language-translation of your own totally new sorts of the newest Perceptions On Lesbians and Gay (ATLG) Measure (Herek, 1984). This 20-item size try answered using a beneficial 5-section level between step 1 (Highly differ) so you can 5 (Firmly consent). Respondents’ get was calculated if you take the new suggest across the situations such as for instance you to definitely highest score echo a great deal more negative attitudes towards homosexual guys and girls. With its brand-new type, the dimensions might be split into a couple of ten-goods subscales: the Perceptions on the Lesbians (ATL) therefore the Perceptions towards the Gays (ATG) subscales. We translated the newest ATLG size to the Foreign-language-code following straight back interpreted of Language on English to make sure equivalency between them models. Spanish-talking Puerto Rican anyone, who volunteered from inside the good pre-test airplane pilot studies, experienced the effective use of words compatible. Spanish and you can English brands of items’ stuff is obtainable inside the Appendix A.
Exploratory concept axis factor analyses having oblique rotation of your own Foreign language types of new ATLG Level got three situations: a beneficial Condemnation-Endurance Factor (17 affairs; %), a home-Expressive Grounds (one product; six.75%), and you can a prices Foundation (a few factors; six.51%). Such three portion said 60.9% of one’s complete difference. The fresh new informed me difference of these circumstances is much like those people received inside Herek’s (1984) original analysis. Adopting the Herek’s (1984) recommendation, i chosen what exactly packing higher simply into the part matrix of one’s Condemnation-Endurance basis. Just after removing 3 facts (items dos, 7, 12), i chose to in addition to beat a supplementary product (items 17) as it decreased the scale’s precision greatly. The fresh new ATLG level finished which have 16-affairs and you can told me 55% of total variance. The item loadings for a few items is exhibited for the Dining table step one .
Dining table 1
Herek’s ATLG Size might have been administered in various racial teams throughout the us which have uniform Cronbach’s leader coefficients more than .87 (Herek, 2000). Due to the fact scale had never been used in a great Puerto Rican sample, new ATLG-Foreign-language version demonstrated accuracy score (?=.93) just like those acquired of the Herek during the an student attempt (Herek, 1996). To cut back the fresh rising cost of living of one’s Cronbach’s leader reliability coefficient due towards the amount of activities, we parceled the fresh new sixteen affairs towards five composite results. For every score illustrated the imply worthy of for each and every four-item ATL and you will ATG indicator, respectively. Approach keeping points because of the the rank ordered basis loadings had been accustomed are the indications on ATG and you can ATL evidence, correspondingly. All-product indications had a great .ninety Cronbach’s alpha coefficient.